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Trees

---Contents---
Grasses
Perennials A
Perennials B-D
Perennials E-H
Perennials I-L
Perennials M-P
Perennials Q-Z
Shrubs A-H
Shrubs I-Z
Trees
Vines
---Helpful Lists---
Rock Gardens
Perennials For Shade
Shrubs For Shade
Butterfly and Hummingbird Plants
Perennials for Damp to Wet Areas
Zone Map
 
 
 

Acer griseum . . Paper Bark Maple
. . 20 to 30 ft. . . Sun
. . Zones 5 to 8 . . Moist, well drained soil . . Spring
China
A small, upright trifoliate maple with attractive, bright copper-cinnamon colored bark which exfoliates at an early age. Rich green summer foliage contrasts nicely with bark. Fall foliage is brilliant scarlet and persistent. One of the best small, ornamental trees.
#1599 . . Gallon container

Acer palmatum . . GreenJ apanese Maple
. . . . Sun to lt. shade
. . Zones 6 to 9 . . Moist, well drained soil Green, upright growing. Seed grown plain species
#2134 . . 3 Gal

Acer palmatum dissectum . . Japanese Maple "Crimson Queen"
. . To 10 ft. . . Sun to lt. shade
. . Zones 6 to 9 . . Moist, well drained soil . . Spring
Japan
This strong, vigorous selection originated in the United States. Unlike many red, dissected forms, the Crimson Queen holds its deep, red color throughout the summer months even in extreme heat. Fall color exhibits bright scarlet tones. Cascading form often wider than tall.
#1584 . . Gallon container

Acer palmatum dissectum . . Japanese Maple "Inaba Shidare"
. . 8 to 10 ft. . . Sun to lt. shade
. . Zones 5 to 9 . . Moist, well drained soil . . Spring
Japan
Also called "Red Select". Cascading, but more upright than other dissected forms, the leaves of "rice plant" maple has outstanding purple color which holds well all season.
#1587 . . 3 Gal

Acer palmatum dissectum . . Japanese Maple "Tamukeyama"
. . To 12 ft. . . Sun to lt. shade
. . Zones 5 to 9 . . Moist, well drained soil . . Spring
Japan
A strongly cascading selection which holds up very well under high heat and humidity. New foliage is deep crimson red changing to dark purple-red. Bright scarlet fall coloration.
#1591 . . 3 Gal

Aesculus flava . . Yellow Buckeye
. . 60 to 75 ft. . . Sun
. . 3 to 8 . . Avg. soil, well drained . . Spring
Native
Dark green, palmate leaves. Panicles of yellowish flowers in spring. Medium-coarse texture. Handsome, large landscape tree.
. . . . The large, shiny, dark brown seeds (toxic) are carried as good luck charms.
#1153 . . 3 Gal

Betula lenta . . Sweet Birch
. . 40 to 55 ft. . . Sun
. . To Zone 4 . . Avg. to moist soil . . Early Spring
Native
Dark green foliage. Reddish brown bark resembles the Black Cherry. 3 to 4 in. catkins appear before the leaves in spring. Excellent yellow-gold fall color is the best of the birches. Medium texture.
This is a personal favorite. Not only is it an attractive tree, but the young twigs have a wonderful wintergreen flavor and aroma. It's hard to walk by without pulling off a twig to chew.
The twigs, bark and wood are distilled to obtain Oil of Wintergreen.
#1155 . . Gallon container

Betula nigra . . River Birch
. . 40 to 70 ft. . . Sun
. . Zones 4 to 9 . . Avg. to wet soil . . Spring
Native
Salmon-pink to reddish brown bark exfoliates to reveal lighter inner bark. Leathery, diamond-shaped, medium to dark green leaves turn yellow in fall. River birch is a vigorous, fast-growing, medium-sized, native deciduous tree which occurs on floodplains and along streams.
In cultivation, it can be trained as either a single trunk or multi-trunked tree. As a single trunk tree, it develops a pyramidal habit when young, but matures to a more rounded shape One of the most disease-free birches. Use as a specimen or in small groupings for lawns, parks and commercial properties, and, in particular, for wet soils along ponds, streams or in low spots. A good substitute for the paper birch in the hot and humid areas of Zones 5-9.
#1752 . . Gallon container

Carpinus caroliniana . . American Hornbeam
. . 20 to 30 ft. . . Sun to full shade
. . Zones 3 to 9 . . Avg. soil, moist Native
Alternate, simple, serrated, somewhat rounded or heart-shaped dark green leaves. The bark is smooth, thin, and dark bluish grey. The fruit is a small, ribbed, seed-like nutlet. Preferring deep, rich, moist, slightly acid soils, it is a good choice for naturalizing. Often found as an understory plant in forests.
On older branches, the bark develops a slate grey, smooth, irregularly fluted appearance. Because the overall appearance is similar to a flexed forearm muscle, the tree is also called Musclewood. In fall, the leaves change to yellow, orange and scarlet before dropping.
#1728 . . Gallon container

Catalpa bignonioides . . Southern Catalpa
. . 30 to 40 ft. . . Sun to lt. shade
. . Zones 5 to 9 . . Avg. to poor soil . . L. Spring
Native
Large (6 to 12 inch), heart-shaped, medium green leaves. Clusters of white flowers are very showy in late spring. Long seed pods, resembling string beans, persist into the winter.
The wood is brittle but extremely resistant to rot--once used for railroad ties. A coarse textured tree that is resistant to hot, dry or wet sites. Useful in a difficult area.
#1158 . . Gallon container

Cercis canadensis . . Eastern Redbud
. . 20 to 30 ft. . . Sun to lt. shade
. . Zones 4 to 9 . . Avg. to moist soil . . Early Spring
Native
Bright, rosy-purple blooms in early spring. Attractive, heart-shaped, dark green leaves. Variable yellow fall color. Adaptable to most soil conditions.
Good as a specimen tree or in naturalized plantings.
#1268 . . Gallon container

Chionanthus virginicus . . White Fringetree
. . 12 to 20 ft. . . Sun
. . Zones 4 to 9 . . Avg. soil, moist . . Spring
Native
An exceptionally beautiful native shrub. The pendulous clusters of white flowers are 6 to 8 inches long. Blooms in spring. Slow growing, rarely needs pruning.
#1269 . . Gallon container

Cladrastis kentukea . . American Yellowwood
. . 30 to 50 ft. . . Sun
. . Zones 4 to 8 . . Avg. soil . . Spring
Native
Pendulous clusters of fragrant white flowers in spring. Bright green summer foliage in summer with yellow fall color. Medium growth rate and texture. Good for both foliage and flower.
Spreading habit and size make it a good choice as a shade tree for smaller home landscapes. May be hardy in warmer parts of zone 3.
#1496 . . Gallon container

Cornus alternifolia . . Pagoda Dogwood
. . 15 to 25 ft. . . Sun to lt. shade
. . Zones 3 to 7 . . Moist, well drained soil . . L. Spring to E. Summer
Native
Spreading, horizontally branched tree. Two inch cymes of fragrant white flowers in spring. Medium texture. The growth pattern is wider than tall.
Use Pagoda Dogwood for horizontal accents in the landscape. Not as showy as the common Flowering Dogwood, but much more cold hardy and very disease resistant.
#1270 . . Gallon container

Cornus kousa cv. . . Kousa Dogwood "Weaver's Weeping"
. . 20 to 30 ft. . . Sun
. . Zones 5 to 8 . . Avg. soil, well drained . . Spring
E. Asia
A weeping form with exceptionally heavy floral display. White flowers in spring a few weeks after the native Flowering Dogwoods. Red fall color.
An attractive Asian Dogwood becoming increasingly popular in the Eastern U. S. due to its resistance to fungal diseases. Blooms 2 to 3 weeks later than the native Flowering Dogwood (C. florida). Flower buds are also more cold hardy than the native species. Horizontal branching characteristic creates an interesting winter form.
#1620 . . Gallon container

Ficus carica . . Fig "Hardy Chicago"
. . 8 to 10 ft. . . Sun
. . To Zone 6 . . Avg. soil, well drained Europe
This edible fig can take sub freezing temperatures die back in the fall and re-sprout in the spring. The medium sized fruit ripens to a delicious sweetened in late summer and early fall. For northern growers, give it a heavy mulch with hay or leaves when dormant. Its origins are from Sicily.
#1769 . . Gallon container

Ginkgo biloba . . Ginkgo
. . 50 to 80 ft. . . Sun
. . Zones 3 to 9 . . Avg. soil China
Bright green, fan shaped leaves with excellent yellow fall color. Medium growth rate when young, slowing when older. These are seed grown trees--sex is unknown.
Ginkgo is a "fossil" tree, growing on earth for over 150 million years. Fossil leaves are found in Eastern coal deposits indicating it was once native to North America.
Leaves are currently used medicinally for ailments and enhancements of the nervous system.
#1161 . . Gallon container

Gymnocladus dioicus . . Kentucky Coffee Tree
. . To 60 ft. . . Sun
. . Zones 3 to 8 . . Avg. soil . . L. Spring to E. Summer
Native
The new leaves, among the last to bud in spring, are worth awaiting for their pink to purplish tinge. During summer, they deepen ever greener, masking the scaly texture of the brown bark. In fall, long, leathery, tail-like pods deck the tree.
The seeds were used by the early settlers of Kentucky as a coffee substitute, which gave the tree its name.
#1634 . . Gallon container

Juglans cinerea . . Butternut
. . 40 to 60 ft. . . Sun to lt. shade
. . Zone 3 to 7 . . Avg. soil Native
Foliage similar to Black Walnut and more tolerant to cold. Bears sweet, edible nuts. The bark was once used for a orange or yellow dye.
#2011 . . Gallon container

Magnolia acuminata . . Cucumbertree
. . 50 to 80 ft. . . Sun to lt. shade
. . Zone 3 to 8 . . Avg. soil, moist Native
Yellow-green magnolia type flowers in spring, not as showy as the flowers of other magnolias; large, dark green leaves in summer; pinkish red fruit that are cucumber shaped. The most widespread and hardiest of the eight native magnolia species in the United States, and the only magnolia native to Canada.
Growth is fairly rapid Cucumbertree is a valuable forest and shade tree, highly desirable for ornamental planting because of the showy flowers, fruits, and attractive foliage and bark
#2013 . . Gallon container

Oxydendrum arboreum . . Sourwood
. . 25 to 30 ft. . . Sun to lt. shade
. . Zones 5 to 8 . . Moist, well drained soil . . Summer
Native
Dark green foliage turns deep red in early fall. Drooping racemes of white, urn-shaped flowers cover the tree in early summer. Excellent landscape or specimen tree.
It's not directly edible, but its flowers are the source of Sourwood Honey--one of the finest.
#1276 . . Gallon container

Plantanus occidentalis . . Sycamore
. . 75 ft. . . Sun
. . Zones 5 to 9 . . Avg. soil Native
Medium green with a coarse texture. Gray and white mottled bark is an outstanding winter feature. Sycamore is an impressive specimen if given enough space in a natural setting--though its large size and messy habits preclude its use as a good home landscape tree.
One of the tallest trees in the East, growing to 150 feet under ideal conditions. Native to riverbanks and bottom lands.
#1170 . . Gallon container

Poncirus trifoliata . . Japanese Bitter Orange
. . to 6 ft. . . Sun
. . Zones 6 to 10 . . Avg. soil . . Spring
China
Glossy, green foliage with white flowers. Green stems with menacing inch long thorns. White flowers in spring are slightly fragrant. The fruits are green, ripening to yellow, resembling a small orange, but with a finely downy surface.
A classic hedgerow plant that is virtually impenetrable due to its formidable thorns. Makes an excellent hedge, particularly for remote areas of the landscape. Also an effective accent or specimen in the sense of being an interesting and unusual plant.
Fruits are very bitter, not edible fresh, but can be made into marmalade.
#1761 . . Gallon container

Prunus serotina . . Black Cherry
. . 50 to 60 ft. . . Sun
. . Zones 4 to 9 . . Avg. soil . . Spring
Native
A dark green, medium textured tree. Showy white flowers in spring are followed by small red cherries that turn black when ripe. Yellow fall color.
An attractive tree for naturalizing. Valuable furniture wood. Can be messy over a drive or walkway--give it plenty of space.
The sweet cherries, used in wine, jams and pies, are also a good wildlife food.
#1171 . . 3 Gal

Salix matsudana . . Corkscrew Willow "Snake"
. . To 40 ft. . . Sun
. . Zone . . Avg. soil China
Fine textured tree with a rounded or oval growth habit. Fast growing. Branches and leaves are twisted. "Snake" is said to have better branch contortions and be more disease resistant than other cultivars.
Cut branches are used in floral arrangements. Adds winter interest to landscape.
#2151 . . Gallon container

Salix sp. . . Hedge Tree Willow
. . To 80 ft. . . Sun
. . Zone 2 . . Avg. soil, moist Europe
Justly famous as the original source of salicylic acid (the precursor of aspirin), white willow and several closely related species have been used for thousands of years to relieve joint pain and manage fevers254. The bark is anodyne, anti-inflammatory, antiperiodic, antiseptic, astringent, diaphoretic, diuretic, febrifuge, hypnotic, sedative and tonic4, 7, 9, 21, 165. It has been used internally in the treatment of dyspepsia connected with debility of the digestive organs4, rheumatism, arthritis, gout, inflammatory stages of auto-immune diseases, feverish illnesses, neuralgia and headache238. Its tonic and astringent properties render it useful in convalescence from acute diseases, in treating worms, chronic dysentery and diarrhoea4. The fresh bark is very bitter and astringent222. It contains salicin, which probably decomposes into salicylic acid (closely related to aspirin) in the human body213. This is used as an anodyne and febrifuge213. The bark is harvested in the spring or early autumn from 3 - 6 year old branches and is dried for later use7, 9. The leaves are used internally in the treatment of minor feverish illnesses and colic238. An infusion of the leaves has a calming effect and is helpful in the treatment of nervous insomnia7. When added to the bath water, the infusion is of real benefit in relieving widespread rheumatism7. The leaves can be harvested throughout the growing season and are used fresh or dried238
#1768 . . Gallon container

Sorbus americana . . Mountain Ash
. . 15 to 20 ft. . . Sun
. . Zones 3 to 6 . . Avg. soil, moist . . Spring
Native
Showy, white clusters of flowers followed by coral-red berries. Compound leaves. Growth habit ranges from small tree to multi-stemmed shrub.
#1758 . . Gallon container

Stewartia pseudocamellia . . Japanese Stewartia
. . 20 to 40 ft. . . Sun to lt. shade
. . Zones 5? to 7 . . Avg. soil . . Summer
Japan
Deep green foliage. Pyramidal to oval growth habit. 2 1/2 inch white flowers in early summer. Fall color is yellow to red to reddish purple. Multi-colored bark is effective in winter.
Superb all-season, slow growing specimen tree.
#1520 . . Gallon container

Taxodium distichum . . Bald Cypress
. . 50 to 70 ft. . . Sun
. . Zones 4 to 9 . . Avg. to wet soil Native
A deciduous conifer with fine textured, medium-green foliage in summer. Leaves are bright yellow-green in spring. A very adaptable tree that can tolerate wet, dry, heavy or sandy soils. Medium to fast growing when young.
An excellent landscape tree that is much hardier than its native range suggests, having been grown as far north as Minnesota. It will only form "knees" in extremely wet locations.
#1212 . . Gallon container

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Elk Mountain Nursery ~ P.O.Box 3 ~ Alexander ~ NC ~ 28701
Modified :4/5/2013