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Shrubs and Trees

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Shrubs A to H

---Contents---
Grasses
Perennials A
Perennials B-D
Perennials E-H
Perennials I-L
Perennials M-P
Perennials Q-Z
Shrubs A-H
Shrubs I-Z
Trees
Vines
---Helpful Lists---
Rock Gardens
Perennials For Shade
Shrubs For Shade
Butterfly and Hummingbird Plants
Perennials for Damp to Wet Areas
Zone Map
 
 
 

Aesculus parviflora . . Bottlebrush Buckeye
. . 8 to 12 ft. . . Sun to mod. shade
. . Zones 5 to 8 . . Moist, well drained soil . . L. Spring to E. Summer
Native
White flowers on 8 to 12 inch panicles. Late spring to early summer. Dark green, palmate leaves with a wide spreading, multi-stemmed growth habit.
Excellent for use in the shrub border or as a specimen plant. Does well in a fair amount of shade.
#1565 . . Gallon container

Aesculus pavia . . Red Buckeye
. . 10 to 20 ft. . . Sun to mod. shade
. . Zones 5 to 8 . . Moist, well drained soil . . Spring
Native
Red flowers in 4 to 8 inch panicles. Spring. Lustrous, dark green, palmate leaves. Could be considered a small tree that grows as wide as tall.
Flowers often pollinated by hummingbirds.
#1568 . . Gallon container

Amelanchier canadensis . . Shadblow Serviceberry
. . 6 to 20 ft. . . Sun to lt. shade
. . Zones 3 to 8 . . Avg. to moist soil . . Spring
Native
Tall multi-stemmed shrub with racemes of white flowers in early spring. Sweet, juicy black berries in summer. Yellow fall color.
The berries are said to make good pies if you can get them before the birds do.
#1267 . . Gallon container

Amelanchier laevis . . Allegheny Serviceberry
. . 15 to 25 ft. . . Sun to lt. shade
. . Zones 4 to 8 . . Avg. soil . . Early Spring
Native
Alternate, simple, elliptic-ovate to ovate-oblong purply bronze leaves, rounded at the base, and white flowers.
It is an excellent landscape plant, which offers interest throughout the seasons.
The sweet, edible, purple black fruits were eaten by the North American Indians, and are still beloved by birds and other animals. A serviceberry pie is the equal of a blueberry one.
#1727 . . Gallon container

Aronia arbutifolia . . Red Chokeberry
. . 6 to 10 ft. . . Sun to lt. shade
. . Zone 4 to 9 . . Avg. soil . . Early Spring
Native
Upright, multi-stemmed shrub. Small, white flowers in spring followed by profuse clusters of red berries along the stems in fall.
Called Chokeberry because the berries taste so bad even the birds leave them alone.
#2015 . . Gallon container

Callicarpa dichotoma . . Purple Beautyberry
. . 3 to 4 ft. . . Sun
. . Zone 6 to 8 . . Avg. soil E. Asia
Slender, arching branches bear showy clusters of bright purple berries in fall. Most refined of the Beautyberries. Hardier than the native C. Americana. Spectacular show in mass plantings.
#1689 . . Gallon container

Calycanthus floridus . . Sweetshrub
. . 6 to 9 ft. . . Sun to mod. shade
. . Zones 5 to 9 . . Avg. soil . . Spring
Native
Bushy, rounded shrub. Dark reddish brown blooms sometimes have a fruity fragrance. Spring. Yellow fall color.
Medium textured. Best time to prune is after flowering. Possible injury at -15° to -20°.
#1157 . . Gallon container

Cephalanthus occidentalis . . Button Bush
. . 6 to 10 ft. . . Sun to lt. shade
. . Zones 5 to 10 . . Moist to wet soil . . Late Summer
Native
Round heads of creamy white flowers in late summer. Glossy, dark green foliage. Excellent for naturalizing in moist or wet areas.
Button Bush has a huge native range from Canada to Cuba.
#1432 . . Gallon container

Clethra acuminata . . Cinnamon Bark Clethra
. . 8 to 12 ft. . . Sun to mod. shade
. . Zones 5 to 8 . . Avg. soil . . Summer
Native
Medium green foliage. Long lasting racemes of fragrant, white flowers appear in early summer. Also valued for the naturally peeling, cinnamon colored bark.
C. acuminata can be grown as a bushy shrub for summer flowers or trained to a small tree form to accentuate the cinnamon bark.
#1200 . . Gallon container

Clethra alnifolia . . Summersweet
. . 3 to 8 ft. . . Sun to mod. shade
. . Zones 3 to 9 . . Avg. soil, moist . . Summer
Native
Fragrant racemes of white flowers. Medium texture. Excellent for the shrub border and summer flowers. Will bloom in shade. Yellow fall color.
Summersweet tolerates wet areas and is seldom bothered by pests or disease.
#1201 . . Gallon container

Clethra alnifolia cv. . . Summersweet "Fern Valley Pink"
. . 3 to 8 ft. . . Sun to mod. shade
. . Zones 3 to 9 . . Avg. soil, moist . . Summer
Native Selection
A selection with fragrant racemes of pinkish-white flowers. Medium texture. Excellent for the shrub border and summer flowers. Will bloom in shade. Seldom troubled by pests or disease. Yellow fall color.
#1202 . . Gallon container

Clethra alnifolia cv. . . Summersweet "Hummingbird"
. . 3 to 5 ft. . . Sun to mod. shade
. . Zones 4 to 9 . . Avg. soil, moist . . Summer
Native Selection
A dwarf selection with fragrant racemes of white flowers. Medium texture. Excellent for the shrub border and summer flowers. Will bloom in shade. Seldom troubled by pests or disease. Yellow fall color.
Selected at Calloway Gardens in Georgia.
#1368 . . Gallon container

Clethra alnifolia cv. . . Summersweet "Rosea"
. . 3 to 8 ft. . . Sun to mod. shade
. . Zones 3 to 9 . . Avg. soil, moist . . Summer
Native Selection
Fragrant racemes of pinkish-white flowers. Medium texture. Excellent for the shrub border and summer flowers. Will bloom in shade. Seldom troubled by pests or disease. Yellow fall color.
This cultivar was introduced in 1906.
#1356 . . Gallon container

Clethra alnifolia cv. . . Summersweet "Ruby Spice"
. . 3 to 8 ft. . . Sun to mod. shade
. . Zones 3 to 9 . . Avg. soil, moist . . Summer
Native Selection
A selection which features the richest, most consistent pink of the Summersweets. The blooms fade less than on other cultivars. Medium texture. Excellent for the shrub border and summer flowers. Will bloom in shade. Seldom troubled by pests or disease. Yellow fall color.
#1696 . . Gallon container

Cornus amomum . . Silky Dogwood
. . 6 to 10 ft. . . Sun to mod. shade
. . Zones 6 to 8 . . Avg. to wet soil . . Spring
Native
Yellowish-white, 2 inch flat-topped clusters of flowers in spring followed by blue berries in late summer. Good for naturalizing in damp, shady areas. Will adapt easily to full sun and drier conditions. Berries are a source of food for wildlife.
Used in erosion control.
#1636 . . Gallon container

Cornus sericea . . Red-stem Dogwood "Cardinal"
. . 7 to 9 ft. . . Sun to mod. shade
. . Zones 2 to 8 . . Moist to wet soil . . L. Spring to E. Summer
Native Selection
A cultivar noteworthy for its bright cherry red stem in winter. Medium to dark green, opposite, simple, ovate leaves turning purplish to reddish in fall. Stems are green in the warm months. Small white flowers sporadically throughout summer.
This form was orignally released by the Minnesota Landscape Arboretum. In a winter setting, with snow to set it off, the red stem is handsome and eye appealing. It is also excellent for massing in hedges or borders.
#1983 . . Gallon container

Enkianthus campanulatus . . Redvein Enkianthus
. . 8 to 15 ft. . . Sun to lt. shade
. . Zones 5 to 7 . . Avg. soil, well drained . . Spring
Japan
A narrow, upright shrub or small tree with hanging racemes of creamy yellow to light orange, bell shaped flowers. Variable yellow to red fall color. Slow growth rate.
Use as a specimen plant--interplant with Rhododendrons. Good for both flower and fall color.
#1372 . . 3 Gal

Euonymus americanus . . Strawberry Bush
. . 4 to 6 ft. . . Sun to mod. shade
. . Zones 5 to 9 . . Avg. soil . . Spring
Native
Simple, opposite lance-ovate or lanceolate leaves, of flat medium green, turning yellow-green in fall. Greenish purple, five-petalled flowers in summer.
The plant is noteworthy mostly for the warty, scarlet capusles which appear in fall, and burst open to display equally scarlet seeds. This is the origin of one of its common names, Hearts-a-Burstin.
. . . . A good plant for naturalizing, for it works well in the shade of other, larger trees.
#1420 . . Gallon container

Forsythia giraldiana . . Forsythia "Golden Times"
. . 6 to 10 ft. . . Sun
. . Zones 6 to 8 . . Avg. soil . . Early Spring
China
Yellow, gently varigated, (sun tolerant) foliage with typical Forsythia flowers in spring.
#1546 . . Gallon container

Forsythia x . . Old Home Forsythia
. . To 8 ft. . . Sun to lt. shade
. . Zone 5 . . Avg. soil . . Spring
Asia
Old fashioned Forsythia. Profuse blooming. Very hardy and vigorous.
#1756 . . Gallon container

Fothergilla major . . Fothergilla
. . 3 to 6 ft. . . Sun to lt. shade
. . Zones 5 to 8 . . Moist, well drained soil . . Spring
Native
Dark, almost blue-green foliage. White, brush-like flowers in spring. Fragrant. Medium texture. Brilliant yellow to scarlet fall color. Often several colors appear on the same leaf. Excellent landscape shrub for flower, foliage and fall color.
It's not bothered by pests or disease. Multi-stemmed growth habit. Forms dense colony.
#1199 . . Gallon container

Fothergilla major cv. . . Fothergilla "Mount Airy"
. . 3 to 5 ft. . . Sun to lt. shade
. . Zones 5 to 8 . . Avg. soil, well drained . . Spring
Native Selection
Fragrant, white, bottlebrush-like flowers in spring. Multicolored in fall.
As described by M.A. Dirr… "Good, dark green foliage--superb, consistent yellow, orange and red fall color--abundant flowers--vigorous constitution--upright growth habit" Selected by Dirr at the Mt. Airy Arboretum in Ohio.
#1562 . . Gallon container

Hamamelis mollis cv. . . Chinese Witchhazel "Pallida"
. . 10 to 15 ft. . . Sun to lt. shade
. . Zones 6 to 8 . . Moist, well drained soil . . Winter
China
Sulfur yellow flowers in late winter. Fragrant. Yellow to yellow-orange fall color.
Grafted. H. virginiana rootstock is used to minimize suckering.
#1609 . . Gallon container

Hamamelis vernalis . . Vernal Witchhazel
. . 6 to 10 ft. . . Sun to mod. shade
. . Zones 5 to 8 . . Avg. to moist soil . . Winter
Native
Yellow flowers in winter. Blooms January to March depending on how far north. Reliable, long lasting yellow fall color. Good in wet areas.
#1497 . . 2 Gal

Hamamelis x intermedia . . Witchhazel "Arnold Promise"
. . 15 to 20 ft. . . Sun to lt. shade
. . Zones 6 to 8 . . Avg. soil, moist . . Winter
Hybrid
Large, clear yellow flowers. Later blooming than the other H. x intermedia cultivars.
Vigorous hybrid that blooms from late January (South) to mid-March (North). Parent plants are H. japonica and H. mollis. Grafted. H. virginiana rootstock is used to minimize suckering.
#1611 . . Gallon container

Hamamelis x intermedia . . Witchhazel "Diane"
. . 15 to 20 ft. . . Sun to lt. shade
. . Zones 6 to 8 . . Avg. soil, moist . . Winter
Hybrid
Copper-red blooms. Yellow to orange to red fall color.
Vigorous hybrid that blooms from late January (South) to mid-March (North). Parent plants are H. japonica and H. mollis. Grafted. H. virginiana rootstock is used to minimize suckering.
#1612 . . Gallon container

Hamamelis x intermedia . . Witchhazel "Jelena"
. . 15 to 20 ft. . . Sun to lt. shade
. . Zones 6 to 8 . . Avg. soil, moist . . Winter
Hybrid
One inch flowers are red, orange and yellow--giving a copper appearance when viewed from a distance. Orange-red fall color.
Vigorous hybrid that blooms from late January (South) to mid-March (North). Parent plants are H. japonica and H. mollis. Grafted. H. virginiana rootstock is used to minimize suckering.
#1614 . . Gallon container

Hibiscus syriacus . . Rose Of Sharon
. . 6 to 10 ft. . . Sun
. . Zones 5 to 8 . . Avg. soil . . Summer
Asia
Old fashioned, single flowers. A hardy and vigorous multi-stemmed shrub. Trainable to a tree form. Mixed colors--white, reddish, bluish-purple.
#1318 . . 3 Gal

Hydrangea arborescens . . Smooth Hydrangea
. . 3 to 5 ft. . . Lt. to full shade
. . Zones 4 to 9 . . Avg. to moist soil . . Summer
Native
Three to six inch disks of small, whitish, fertile flowers with showy, white, sterile flowers on the edges. Large medium green leaves. Summer. Coarse textured.
A very adaptable shrub for the wild garden. Parent of several large flowered cultivars.
#1162 . . Gallon container

Hydrangea arborescens cv. . . Hydrangea "Annabelle"
. . 3 to 5 ft. . . Lt. to mod. shade
. . Zones 4 to 9 . . Avg. soil, moist . . All season
Cultivated
Huge--up to one foot--rounded, snow white flower heads in spring and summer. Dried heads are often used in floral arrangements.
It can be pruned back heavily in late winter without loss of bloom.
#1163 . . Gallon container

Hydrangea quercifolia . . Oakleaf Hydrangea
. . 6 to 8 ft. . . Sun to mod. shade
. . Zones 5 to 9 . . Avg. soil, moist . . L. Spring to E. Summer
Native
Upright cones of white flowers, turning pinkish with age, contrast with the large, oak-like leaves. Blooms in early summer. Dried, parchment-like flowers persist into fall. Coarse texture. Excellent red fall color. Use as a centerpiece or focal point specimen.
The flower buds can be damaged by temperatures below -10°.
#1164 . . Gallon container

Hydrangea quercifolia . . Oakleaf Hydrangea "Snow Queen"
. . 4 to 6 ft. . . Sun to mod. shade
. . Zones 5 to 9 . . Moist, well drained soil . . Summer
Hybrid
An improvement having larger and more numerous sterile florets, giving a more dense, solid appearance. Dark green leaves turning a deep red-bronze in fall. White florets turn pink as they mature.
It is best used in a shrub border, for massing, or in the shade, which it prefers. Plants do better in shade than in full sun.
#1992 . . Gallon container

Hypericum prolificum . . Shrubby St. John's Wort
. . 3 to 4ft. . . Sun to lt. shade
. . Zones 3 to 8 . . Avg. to moist soil . . Summer
Native
A compact, deciduous, rounded shrub with an erect habit that typically grows 1-4' tall. Profuse 5-petaled, bright yellow flowers (to 1" diameter) with numerous, yellow stamens in early to mid summer. Stamens are bushy to the point of partially obscuring the petals (hence the species name of prolificum which refers to the stamens). Very showy in bloom. Dark green, lance-shaped leaves are 2-3" long. Bark of older stems exfoliates to reveal attractive, pale orange inner bark.
. . . . Plants of the genus Hypericum (some species have been used since ancient times in the treatment of wounds and inflammations) were apparently gathered and burned to ward off evil spirits on the eve of St. John's Day, thus giving rise to the genus common name of St. John's wort.
#2152 . . Gallon container

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Elk Mountain Nursery ~ P.O.Box 3 ~ Alexander ~ NC ~ 28701
Modified: 4/16/2010